Check Out the latest News and information from the University of Minnesota Extension on Emerald Ash Borer.
More than 500 people stopped by at local expos to learn more about pollinators and to ask other gardening questions. Dakota County Master Gardeners focused on pollinators as apart of the year of the pollinator theme. If you missed the local expos please take a look at the Minnesota Bee Lab site for more information on plants for Minnesota bees.
Classes on Gardening by Dakota County Master Gardeners are available through Eagan Community Education. Check them out!
Berry Nice Instructor Tori Clark, July 13, 6:00-7:30, Cost $15
Enjoy fresh home grown fruit on your morning cereal! Learn what it takes to grow and maintain a healthy crop of blueberries, strawberries and raspberries. Explore site requirements, planting and care so that you can successfully grow a few berries or plenty to can or share.
Going Nuts for Fruit Instructor Faith Appelquist, March 17, 7:00-8:30, Cost $15
Every wonder which fruit trees grow best in Minnesota? Learn tips on which varieties do best including pollination requirements and growing conditions. Understand pruning and care methods that will increase fruit productivity and reduce disease and insect problems.
Good Bugs, Bad Bugs Instructor Tori Clark, June 21, 6:00-7:30, Cost $15
Yikes! It’s a bug in my garden, kill it. But wait…some bugs are good and you don’t want to kill them. Learn about some that are bad and some that are good, and what to do when you see them in your garden. Your garden and the environment will thank you.
Native Spring Wildflowers Instructor Janet Erdman, April 14, 6:00-7:30, Cost $15
Native spring wildflowers are breathtaking to observe in nature, and rebirth of wildflowers in spring gives one hope and joy. Learn to identify these beautiful, but fleeting, early spring ephemerals; additionally, learn how you can recapture that delight in your home gardens. Gain information on identification and cultivation of many herbaceous perennials native to our area.
So you want to plant a vegetable Garden? Instructor Linda Stein, April 5, 6:00-7:30, Cost $15
Designed to help you prepare to grow vegetables in your garden. Learn about the conditions that you should take into consideration as you prepare your garden, including soil quality and light requirements. Acquire information regarding resources available to help you assess your soil and methods for enhancing it to promote plant growth. Explore when and where to plant different vegetables and what to consider as you select not only which vegetables to plant but also which cultivars of a specific vegetable. Discuss how to diagnose common plant diseases, pest issues and techniques to combat these problems.
Square Foot Gardening: Grow Fresh Vegetables Instructor John Zweber, April 27, 7:00-8:30, Cost $15
Learn the basics of Square Foot Gardening, the practice of planning small, but intensely planted gardens. Understand how to select a proper site, construct a square foot garden, select the correct amount of plants and learn their proper care. Discuss harvesting and methods to extend the growing season. Benefits include less work, water savings, less weeding, pesticide/herbicide free, small space utilization and accessibility.
Vegetable Seed Starting Made Easy Instructor John Zweber, March 15, 7:00-8:30, Cost $15
Discover how to establish a seed starting station. Learn about seed requirements, supplies including growing medium, light, water, fertilizer, seed selection, when to transplant to your garden and more. Assemble pots with seeds in class and take home. Enjoy bountiful homegrown vegetables! Supply fee of $10 payable to instructor at class.
Here is the Link to get more information and sign up for any or all of these great classes.
This is an interesting blog article that explores the myths about organic farming and foods.
After an evening work session, several volunteers were just relaxing with appetizers and beverages. We enjoyed the beauty of the Sanford Memorial Healing Garden at the Trinity Care Center, much of which has been renovated over the summer. We took in the delicious scents of the blooms around us. It was one of those idyllic summer evenings where a miniature breeze was all that was needed to keep mosquitoes at bay and twilight provided just the perfect ambiance.
In our conversations, we talked about the comments we received during the Educational Garden tour. Most were very positive. One concern, however, has to do with a raised section of cement which impedes the wheel chair access from the nursing home to the garden. Immediately, Adrienne mentioned that she and her husband run a company that specializes in handicapped entrances. They would come and look at the situation and see if there might be a lower cost fix to the problem.
This afternoon, as I write this article about what is happening at the healing garden, I think of that special evening and that comment. Just when a problem has arisen, somehow a resource has emerged. That’s pretty much been the story all summer.
The garden was the brainchild of Martha Erickson and Leslie Pettis, who were instrumental in developing the garden in 1996 and organizing the Trinity Garden Tour. Several years later, the idea of a labyrinth came from a garden tour suggestion box. In 2001, with no budget to speak of, the labyrinth was completed and became the first labyrinth in a healing garden setting, in the United States. Martha, Leslie and others went to Chardes, France for training and became certified labyrinth facilitators. In it’s 10 year run, the Trinity Garden Tour raised over $100, 000.00 for the Trinity Care Center and became the “hallmark tour” of gardens in this area. The garden itself, was just glorious.
Joy Lauderback, activities director at the care center, contacted me in April, to see if I had any interest in helping with just one section of the healing garden. Since the hospital closed some 15 years ago, the garden had fallen into major disrepair. When the tour stopped, folks in the community seemed to forget that this wonderful space was still available in our community. I approached Nell McClung about the garden to see if a group of Master Gardeners might spearhead a group to rejuvenate the garden and get it ready for the Educational Tour. As she looked at the abundance of thistle, the maple tree volunteers sprouting up in shrub roses and overgrowth of just about every plant, desirable and non, I was surprised when she said, “Sure, Let’s try it.”
The response of Mater Gardeners and local garden clubs, has been amazing. Many volunteers have helped to assess the situation and dedicated hours of spade and pitchfork work. We eradicated many overgrown plants and weeds and developed a plan to simplify and create a lower maintenance, yet inviting garden. A huge thank you goes out the Lady’s Slipper Garden Club of Farmington, and the Lakeville Garden Club. These organizations are in the project to provide the ongoing maintenance, with Master Gardeners doing more help with the direction and rejuvenation pieces. I will always remember the huge turnout when we all came together to mulch and dress up the garden, right before the tour. All of our efforts would be lost without their help.
Today, the garden is being used more and more by residents of the Care Center. The attendance at the garden tour in July was also very encouraging. A thank-you note from a patron of the tour, who specifically thanked the volunteers for our healing touch in the garden, was especially uplifting. Plans are underway not only to continue in the renovation process, but also, to increase the community outreach and education process.
As we have worked together, Master Gardeners have shared thoughts of where we go from here. Several of us plan to attend the “Nature Heals Symposium”, put on by the Arboretum and the Center for Spirituality and Healing, in October. Plans are underway to develop workshops and classes that can be offered by Master Gardeners, for residents of the Care Center and their families, pastors and other religious leaders in the community. Also, some “weeding 101” classes or “perennial growing 101” are in the planning stages. The Care Center board has approved outreach to the City Council to increase public awareness and support of the garden. I personally am thinking of how to prioritize the list of jobs which volunteers for Dakota County Community Service will be completing at the garden yet this month. Linda Wenzel, who applied for and received a Thrivent Grant, is collaborating to decide on a garden centerpiece which we can bring into the garden. The ball is now rolling so fast, it’s just amazing.
The biggest goal for 2016, is to rewrite the application to the Dakota County Master Gardeners to have the site designated as a Dakota County Master Gardener’s site. I am thinking of all the ways in which the garden can and does educate and benefit the community and the list just goes on and on. It’s kind of like the message from Adrienne’s comment…where there has been a challenge, there has been a resource. I am so looking forward to seeing how this garden is going to grow.
Author: Cathy Johnson, Dakota County Master Gardener
Recently Dr. Mark Seeley, Department of Soil, Water, and Climate at the University of Minnesota spoke on the topic, “Adapting to Climate Change in Minnesota”. Dr. Seeley has been at the University since 1978, is heard on Minnesota Public Radio (MPR), and has authored a newsletter Minnesota Weather Talk, since 1992. Mark also writes WeatherTalk, a weather blog.
Dr. Seeley began with a few facts regarding extreme weather conditions on this day in history for Minnesota:
- On Ground Hog Day, 1996 Tower, MN recorded the coldest Ground Hog Day in U.S. history, -600!
- February 2, 1997, it was 660 in Wheaton, MN (Traverse Co.)
- February 2, 1915, Caledonia, MN (Houston Co.) received 20” of snow
- February 2 – February 3, 1947, Crookston, MN (Polk Co.) recorded a dust storm
Dr. Seeley participates in CAP, Climate Adaptation Partnership, a group of professionals from a variety of fields, horticulturalists, climatologists, architects who share information and experiences in their fields about weather and changing climates.
Basic drivers and perceptions of climate:
- Some climate changes are explained by earth, sun, ocean currents, volcanic eruptions, and jet streams
- Land use and landscape changes (urbanization, drainage changes, irrigation) have an effect on climate
- Anthropogenic emissions (greenhouse gases) affect climate
- Perceptions of climate change are built into the design and management of our infrastructure (i.e. the energy grid) and management of our natural resources
- 2014, on a global basis, was the warmest year since record keeping began in 1880; Minnesota experienced its 22nd coldest year in 2014 (from 1885-2014)
Climate change disparities/fingerprinting
- Warmer temperatures in winter – higher minimum temperatures
- Increasing dew points – affects home gardeners as more moisture affects plant respiration
- Minnesota has increasing average mean annual temperatures and frost free periods are expanding – increased by 10+ days from 1900 – 2002
- Urban heat island is spreading into what were previously rural/farm areas
- Plant hardiness zones were changed, Zones 3 & 4 showing more plant adaptability and Zone 5 has crept into the Twin Cities
Changes in Minnesota climate statistics
- Until 1983, no 800 dew point had been recorded in Minnesota; in 2012, Minnesota had 248 hours of 700 + dew points which inflates the heat index
- In July 2011, Moorhead had a 1340 heat index, a North American record
- Precipitation normal have increased 20% in the Twin Cities
- More precipitation is coming in intense thunderstorms
Changes in extremes
- Drought disasters and flood disasters were seen in the same counties in 2012
- Days with severe weather parameters increasing (previously 70-80 such days in OK and KS, now seen in IA, MN)
- In 2010, Minnesota recorded the most tornadoes of any state in the nation; 48 tornadoes were recorded on June 17, 2010
Consequences of climate change
- Adjustments needed to storm sewer systems, irrigation, drainage, runoff, sediment, and shoreline management
- Fisheries management has changed (water warming, changes winter ice cover/depth)
- Public health is changing (allergies/molds, high heat index effect on population, especially elderly, MS and COPD patients may have special needs due to the changes in climate
- Flood potential is changing and affecting different areas
- Changes in biological organisms (life cycles of pathogens, pests, microbes change with temperature/precipitation)
- Longer growing seasons/zone changes
- Insurance premiums increasing due to increased storm activity
- Increased frequency of heat advisories and warnings
Dr. Seeley’s summary and closing thoughts:
- Landscape and atmospheric changes drive most climate change; in response to a brief discussion, he indicated deforestation may cause localized changes.
- Minnesota weather data is obtained from 1502 weather observers throughout the state.
- 8,923 records were broken in 10 years in Minnesota (highs, lows, precipitation totals, warnings, etc.).
Dr. Seeley may be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.